Selected Questions for Degree Level Examinations- 2012

- Prepared by B.Thulasi, Director.


Who among the following was affectionately called Makkal Thilakam?

  1. Shivaji Ganesan
  2. M.G. Ramachandran
  3. M. Karunanidhi
  4. C.N. Annadurai
M.G. Ramachandran
  • M.G. Ramachandran, born at Maruthoor in Palakkad, was affectionately referred to as 'Makkal Thilakam', where as Shivaji Ganesan as 'Nadikar Thilakam'.
  • Shri. M. Karunanidhi has been the leader of the D.M.K. since the death of its founder C.N. Annadurai in 1969 and has served as chief minister for five times (1969–71, 1971–76, 1989–91, 1996–2001 and 2006–2011).
  • He holds the record of winning his seat in every election that he has contested in his political career spanning over 60 years. He has won all elections since 1957.
  • C.N. Annadurai, nicknamed as man of masses, founded the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam in 1949.
  • Indian National Congress is the oldest existing political party in India, where as DMK is the oldest existing regional party.
  • DMK is the first single party other than Congress to win elections in an Indian state with clear majority (1969).
  • The ADMK, later renamed as AIADMK, was founded by M.G. Ramachandran in 1972.
  • He is affectionately referred to as 'Makkal Thilakam', where as Shivaji Ganesan as 'Nadikar Thilakam'.
  • The election symbol of DMK is Rising Sun and that of AIADMK is Two Leaves.
  • Jyoti Basu, the first Communist Chief Minister of West Bengal served as the Chief Minister from 1977 to 2000, making him the longest-serving Chief Minister of any Indian state (23 years). He passed away on 17th January, 2010.
  • The birth and death day of Dr. B.C. Roy (Bidhan Chandra Roy), who was the second Chief Minister of West Bengal, is July 1 which is observed as Doctors' day in India.
  • The Chief Minister to serve a state only for only three days is Jagdambika Pal.
  • He was the Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh for 3 days from 21 February 1998 to 23 February 1998. When, the Uttar Pradesh state government led by Kalyan Singh was dismissed by then Governor Ramesh Bhandari on 21 February, 1998, Jagdambika Pal became Chief Minister. Kalyan Singh moved Allahabad High Court which termed the dismissal of government unconstitutional on 23 February, 1998, thereby reinstating the Kalyan Singh government.
  • Jan Kranti Party - the new political party founded by Kalyan Singh in 2010.
  • The youngest person to be appointed Chief Minister of a State is Prafulla Kumar Mahanta. He became the Chief Minister of Assam at the age of 33 in 1985. But the youngest person to become the chief minister was M. O. Hasan Farook. He was appointed as the Chief Minister of Pondicherry ( Union Territory ) at the age of 29.
  • The first Chief Minister of Assam was Gopinath Bordoloi, who was the last Chief Minister of a state to be honoured with the Bharat Ratna (posthumously in 1999).
  • A.K. Antony, the youngest to become the Chief Minister of Kerala, was appointed as the Chief Minister at the age of 37 in 1977.

What is the ordinal status of Shri. Oommen Chandy among the Chief Ministers of Kerala?

  1. 11
  2. 12
  3. 19
  4. 21
  • Shri. Oommen Chandy is the leader of 13th Legislative Assembly.
  • The Chief minister will be the leader of the house, where as the Speaker will be its chairman.
  • Shri. Oommen Chandy is the 11th person in Kerala to become the Chief Minister.
  • The elections to the 13th Legislative Assembly was held in 2011.
  • The 11 member ministry headed by E.M. Sankaran Namboothirippad came in to power on 5th April, 1957.
  • It was for the first time in the history of the world that the Communist party came to power through ballot.
  • The secret ballot system was introduced in Australia in 1856.
  • Communist party had come in to power in San Marino (an enclave in Italy) in 1945. But it was a coalition Government.
  • It is believed that Communist party led a single party Government for the first time in Guyana in 1953.
  • C. Achutha Menon was the Chief Minister of Kerala state for two consecutive terms (1969 - 1970 & 1970 - 1977).
  • He was the first Chief Minister of Kerala to complete the constitutional term of five years.
  • Achutha Menon was the CM of Kerala during emergency period (1975- 77).
  • Dies non (no work, no salary) system was introduced in Kerala during his tenure.
  • Sree Chithira Thirunnal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology (1974) was set up during his period.
  • K. Karunakaran served as the minister for home affairs (1971 - '77) in the coalition government led by Achuthanandan (CPI).
  • Ente Balyakala Smaranakal and Smaranayude Edukal are Achuthanandan's autobiographies.
  • Achutha Menon had presented the first Budget of Kerala state on 7th June, 1957 being the minister for Finance in E.M.S. ministry during 1957 - 1959.
  • The non - Communist ministry in Kerala was led by Pattom A. Thanu Pillai.
  • Pattom Thanu Pillai was the first to lead a coalition government in an Indian state.
  • Thanu Pillai is the only chief minister of Kerala who was born in 19th century (1885).
  • Thanu Pillai was also the only person who became the chief minister of three states; Travancore (1948), Travancore - Cochin (1954 - '55) & Kerala States (1960 - '62).
  • Later he served as the Governor of Punjab from 1962 to 1964 and as Governor of Andhra Pradesh from 1964 to 1968.
  • R. Sankar was the first Congress Chief Minister of Kerala (1962 - '64).
  • He had been the Deputy Chief Minister in the Pattom's ministry during 1960-'62.
  • We could see three chief ministers in a single year, that was in 1977; Achuthanandan, K. Karunakaran and A.K. Antony.
  • The Assembly in Kerala with the longest tenure was the fourth Kerala Legislative Assembly (1970-'77).
  • The Cabinet in Kerala with the longest tenure was C. Achutha Menon ministry (1970-77).
  • The Cabinet in Kerala with the shortest tenure was K. Karunakaran ministry (March- April, 1977).
  • The Assembly in Kerala with the shortest tenure is sixth Kerala Legislative Assembly (1980-'82).

Who was the only member who has been elected to the Kerala Legislative Assembly unopposed ?

  1. R. Balakrishna Pillai
  2. M. P. Veerendra Kumar
  3. C. Haridas
  4. M. Umesh Rao
M. Umesh Rao. He was elected from Mancheswaram in 1957.
  • Mancheswaram (Kasaragod) is the northern most legislative assembly of Kerala.
  • E.M. Sankaran Namboodiripad was elected to the assembly from Neeleswaram (Kasaragod).
  • Mancheswaram river is the shortest (16 km) and northern most river of Kerala.
  • A rivulet must have 15 km long if it is to be considered as a river.
  • The youngest member to enter into the portals of the House - R. Balakrishna Pillai at the age of 25 in 1960.
  • R. Balakrishna Pillai was the first MLA in Kerala to be disqualified under Anti defection law.
  • The minister with the longest period in Kerala - K. M. Mani.
  • The finance minister of Kerala to present most number of budgets - K. M. Mani (9 budgets).
  • The Member who has been elected from the same constituency for the maximum number of times - K. M. Mani (11 times since 1965 from Palai Constituency)
  • The minister who has not been a member of the House and has never faced the Assembly - K. Muraleedharan (Minister for electricity).
  • The Minister with the shortest period in Kerala - M. P. Veerendra Kumar (April, 1987- five days)
  • The MLA with the shortest term in the Kerala Legislative Assembly- C. Haridas (10 days in February, 1980)
  • The longest serving MLA in Kerala - K. R. Gouri Amma. (12 Assemblies since 1952- including Travancore - Cochin Assembly)

Name the speaker of Kerala Legislative Assembly with the longest period ?

  1. Vakkom B. Purushothaman
  2. A. C. Jose
  3. M. Vijayakumar
  4. C. H. Mohammed Koya
Vakkom B. Purushothaman (5 3/4 years).
  • Vakkom is the only speaker to serve the Assembly for two times. (1982 -1984 (2 1/2 years), 2001 - 2004 (3 1/4 years)
  • The first Speaker to complete a full term at a time was M. Vijayakumar (1996 - 2001).
  • The Chief Minister of Kerala who had been the Chairman (Speaker) of the Assembly - C. H. Mohammed Koya (1961).
  • The Chief Minister with the shortest period in Kerala - C. H. Mohammed Koya ( 51 days in 1979).
  • The Speaker of the assembly with the shortest period - A. C. JOSE (February 3, 1982 - June 23, 1982)
  • The speaker to cast his vote when there was a tie between the ruling party- INC and opposition party- CPI (M) and thereby protected Karunakaran Ministry - A.C. JOSE.
  • There were seventy members each on the Treasury Bench (ruling party) and on the opposition front and due to this contingency the ministry depended on the casting vote of the speaker for survival. It was then he had acquired the name of being the 'casting vote Speaker' as he had to use his casting vote to salvage the Karunakaran Ministry. The Karunakaran ministry, after a short period of two and half months, ended its administration on the withdrawal of support of one person from the ruling front. On 17th March 1982, the sixth Assembly was wound up and the presidential rule was imposed in the state for the seventh and last time.
  • The Chief Minister with the longest period- E. K. Nayanar (11 years).
  • Ministry with the shortest term- K. Karunakaran ministry (One month from March 25 to April 25, 1977).
  • The first Anglo - Indian member in the Kerala Legislative Assembly was William Hamilton D'Cruz (1957).
  • The Anglo - Indian member with the longest period- Stephen Padua.

How many Legislative Constituencies were there in Kerala when the first general election held in 1957 ?

  1. 140
  2. 126
  3. 114
  4. 11
  • The number of constituencies was 114, of which twelve were two-member ones. That is, out of the 126 seats, 11 seats were reserved for scheduled castes and 1 for scheduled tribes. Two members each were elected from 12 constituencies. Varkala and Ulloor were the two constituency in Thiruvananthapuram district from where two members were elected to the Assembly, including reserved candidate.
  • The first election to the Kerala Assembly was held from February 28 to March 11, 1957.
  • The ministry was dismissed under Article 356 on 31st July, 1959.

Who was the first Keralite to contest in the Presidential election of India ?

  1. Captain Lekshmi Sahgal
  2. Justice V.R. Krishna Iyer
  3. T.N. Sheshan
  4. K.R. Narayanan
Justice V.R. Krishna Iyer.
In 1987, he had contested in the presidential election against R. Venketa Raman.
  • He was the minister for Law and Electricity in the first ministry in Kerala (1957-'59).
  • He was the Judge of the Supreme Court of India from 1973 to 1980.
  • In 1997, T.N. Seshan contested in the Presidential election against K.R. Narayanan.
  • In 2002, Captain Lekshmi contested against Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam. She was the first woman to contest in a Presidential election in India.
  • Captain Lakshmi Saigal was the Commander of the Rani of Jhansi Women's Regiment of Subhash Chandra Bose's Indian National Army.
  • Lekshmi N. Menon was the first woman from Kerala to be in the Central Cabinet. She was the minister for external affairs in the Nehru ministry from 1957 to 1962.
  • The main opponent in the first Presidential election held on 2nd May, 1952 against Rajendra Prasad was K.T. Shah.
  • In the last Presidential election held in 2012, Pranab Mukherjee defeated P.A. Sangma.

Who was the first Keralite to be appointed as Judge of the Supreme Court of India ?

  1. Justice Leila Seth
  2. Justice M. Fathima Beevi
  3. Justice Annachandi
  4. Justice P. Govinda Menon.
Justice P. Govinda Menon.
  • Just. Parakkulangara Govinda Menon (Palakkad) was the first judge from Kerala in the Supreme Court.
  • Justice M. Fathima Beevi was the first woman to be appointed as the Judge of the Supreme Court (1989).
  • The first woman judge of a district court and High Court in India was Just. Anna Chandi. She was appointed the district judge in Thiruvananthapuram and High Court Judge in Kerala.
  • Justice Leila Seth was the first woman Chief Justice of a High Court (Himachal Pradesh in 1991).
  • The first High Court in India was set up in Kolkata in 1862 and the youngest (21st) High Court was set up at Ranchi in 2000.

Which of the following plants' scientific name is Cassia Fistula?

  1. Golden Shower Tree
  2. Shoe flower
  3. Lotus
  4. Touch me not
Golden Shower Tree
  • Kanikkonna and Indian Labernum are other names of Golden Shower Tree.
  • Golden Shower Tree, the state flower of Kerala, is also the national flower of Thailand.
  • The scientific name of Shoe flower is Hibiscus rosasinensis.
  • Mimosa Pudica is the scientific name of Touch me not.
  • Lotus is scientifically called Nelumbo nucifera or Nelumbium speciosum.
  • The scientific name of the national tree of India, Banyan tree, is Ficus benghalensis.

Which river in India has the largest water potential ?

  1. Ganges
  2. Brahmaputra
  3. Godavari
  4. Mahanadi
Brahmaputra. (world's 29th largest river). 22nd- Indus. 32nd- Ganges.
  • The 2,900 km long river flows from southwestern Tibet, China, through Arunachal Pradesh and Assam states in India, into Bangladesh, where it empties into the Bay of Bengal.
  • In Tibet, it is called the Tsangpo / Zangbo.
  • In Assam, the Brahmaputra is called the Dihang.
  • At the Ganges delta, the river divides into two channels, and the main channel becomes the Jamuna River (Bangladesh).
  • The Jamuna joins the Ganges River, which from that point is known as the Padma River and then the Meghna River before it empties into the Bay of Bengal.
  • The longest river in Indian Sub-Continent is the river Indus (3180 km) and that in the Indian Peninsula is Godavari (1450 km).
  • The Ganges is considered as the national river of India and that of Pakistan is the Indus.

How many members are nominated to the Indian Parliament by the President of India?

  1. 2
  2. 12
  3. 14
  4. 1
  • The President of India nominates 2 members from the Anglo - Indian community to the Lok Sabha under article 331 and 12 members to the Rajya Sabha under article 80 of the Constitution.
  • No member is nominated to Rajya Sabha from Anglo - Indian Community.
  • Charles Diaz (Kerala) and Ingrid Mcleod (Chhattisgarh) are the present Anglo -Indian members in the Lok Sabha.

Who is the architect of Puthucherry ?

  1. Le Corbuscier
  2. Job Charnok
  3. Nek Chand
  4. Francois Martin
Francois Martin.
  • The first rock garden in India was built at Chandigarh by Nek Chand in 1957. The rock garden at Malapuzha was also founded by him.
  • Le Corbusier designed the city of Chandigarh during 1950s.
  • Job Charnok founded the city of Kolkata in 1690.

Who wrote the famous rhyme Water, water, everywhere, but nor any drop to drink ?

  1. Samuel Coleridge
  2. Jane Taylor
  3. Rudyard Kipling
  4. Washington Irwin
Samuel Taylor Coleridge
  • Jane Taylor wrote the nursery rhyme twinkle twinkle little star.......
  • Baa Baa Black Sheep, Have You Any Wool ? - is a famous nursery rhyme by Rudyard Kipling.

When was the Atomic Energy Commission set up?

  1. 1956
  2. 1957
  3. 1950
  4. 1948
  • The headquarters of the commission is in Mumbai.
  • Dr. Homi Jehangir Bhabha was the first chairman of the commission.
  • Srikumar Banerjee is the present Chairman.
  • The International Atomic Energy Agency was set up in 1957 at Vienna, Austria. Yukiya Amano is the Director General of the agency.

Who was the first Indian to reach north pole ?

  1. Col. I. K. Bajaj
  2. Robert Pierre
  3. Amund Sen
  4. Sanjay Thapar
Sanjay Thapar.
  • Col. I.K. Bajaj was the first Indian to reach south pole.
  • Robert Pierre (American) was the first to reach north pole (1909) and Amundsen was the first to reach north pole (1911).
  • Roald Amund Sen (Norwegian explorer of polar regions) was also the first to reach both the poles. He reached the north pole in 1923.
  • The first Indian to reach both the poles is Ajith Bajaj.

Who was the first Keralite woman to become the Chief Minister of a state in India?

  1. Suchetha Kripalani
  2. Sarojini Naidu
  3. V.N. Janaki
  4. Lekshmi N. Menon
V.N. Janaki
  • Janaki Ramachandran, wife of late M.G. Ramachandran, was popularly known as V.N. Janaki. When M.G. Ramachandran died in 1987, she succeeded him as the chief minister of Tamil Nadu. (in January, 1988)
  • V.N. Janaki was born at Vaikom in Kottayam.
  • M.G.R., born in Palakkad, was the chief minister of Tamilnadu from 1977 to 1987.
  • Sarojini Naidu was the first woman to be appointed Governor of a state and Suchetha Kripalani was the first woman to be appointed Chief Minister of a state in India. Both of them were appointed in Uttar Pradesh.

Who was the first Prime Minister to lose a vote of confidence?

  1. Morarji Desai
  2. Indira Gandhi
  3. V.P. Singh
  4. Charan Singh
V.P. Singh (1931 - 2008)
  • List of Prime Ministers defeated by either a parliamentary motion of no confidence or by the similar process of loss of supply in India;
    Vishwanath Pratap Singh (1990)
    H. D. Deve Gowda (1997)
    Atal Bihari Vajpayee (1999)
  • V.P. Singh was the 8th prime minister of India from 1989 - ‘90.
  • The political party launched by Viswanath Pratap Singh was Jan Morcha. The Jan Morcha was renamed as the National Jan Morcha in June, 2009. A month later, the party merged with the Indian National Congress.
  • Morarji Desai was the first to head a non - Congress ministry in India and was also the first prime minister to resign the post. (1977 - ‘79).
  • Chaudhari Charan Singh was the first to lead a minority Government and he could not face the Parliament during his tenure (1979 - ‘80)
  • Indira Gandhi was the first Prime Minister of India to lose an election (1977). She was defeated by Raj Narayan at the Rai Bareli constituency.

Which is the nearest metropolitan city of India to the equator?

  1. Chennai
  2. Mumbai
  3. New Delhi
  4. Kolkata
  • India entirely lies in the northern hemisphere. The southern most point of India, Indira point (Pygmalion point or Parson’s point), is the nearest place of India to the equator.
  • Tamilnadu, the southern most state of India, is the nearest state of India to the equator.

Who founded the KELTRON ?

  1. Vikram Sarabhai
  2. Dr. M. Krishnan Nair
  3. E.M. Sankaran Namboothirippad
  4. K.P.P. Nambiar
K.P.P. Nambiar in 1973.
  • Saphalam Kalaapabharitham is his autobiography.
  • Dr. M. Krishnan Nair was the founding director of the Regional Cancer Center (RCC) at Thiruvananthapuram.
  • While Vikram Sarabhai is called the father of Indian Space programme, Dr. Homi Jahangir Bhabha is widely regarded as the father of Indian Nuclear Science programme..

At which temperature is blood kept in blood banks ?

  1. 32 degree Celsius
  2. 0 degree Celsius
  3. 10 degree Celsius
  4. 4 degree Celsius
4 degree Celsius
  • Water has maximum density at 4 degree Celsius and volume at degree Celsius.
  • The formula used to convert Celsius temperature to Fahrenheit temperature is (C x 9/5) + 32.
  • The boiling point of water, i.e. 100 degree C, at Fahrenheit scale is 212 degree F.
  • The lowest temperature beyond which matter is not able to be cooled is called Absolute Zero. The absolute zero is 0K on the Kelvin scale and -273.15 degree C on the Celsius scale.

Which country leads in the production of Coconut in the world ?

  1. Philippines
  2. China
  3. India
  4. Indonesia
  • India bags second position in coconut production, while first position in productivity. As per the Asian and Pacific Coconut Community (APCC), India manufactures 15,730 million nuts annually, which is next to Indonesia with 16,498 million. In area under cultivation, India is ranked third; Indonesia is first with an overall of 385 million hectare. Sri Lanka is ranked second in international output with 7,223 nuts per hectare. India is the largest domestic consumer with 1,494.4 million nuts annually. Indonesia stands second at 996.5 million. India consumes 95% of its net output and Indonesia consumes 60%. APCC also said that Malaysia is the largest importer of coconut and coconut-based products since it imports 1,400 million nuts.
  • China leads in the production of rice, wheat, tea, gold and silk.
  • The leading producer of Palm oil is also Indonesia,Malaysia lost its position.

When did Mahatma Gandhi conduct his first satyagraha ?

  1. 1917
  2. 1928
  3. 1906
  4. 1915
  • Gandhiji conducted his first satyagraha at Transval in South Africa in 1906 against the proposed Asiatic ordinance brought against Indian immigrants. The draft of Asiatic Bill was for restricting the entry into Transvaal and enforcing the carrying of passes bearing finger prints. Gandhi condemned it as ‘crime against humanity’, and christened it ‘the Black Act’. Indians reacted to it as an affront to their dignity.
  • Gandhi led a successful satyagraha campaign for rights of impoverished peasants and indentured labourers on indigo plantations in Champaran in 1917.
  • Gandhi led a strike of mill workers in 1918. Gandhi began a fast, and after three days the mill owner agreed to arbitration. (Ahammedabad)
  • Gandhi helped lead a satyagraha campaign for peasants in Kheda, where his close associate Patel organized a tax revolt in 1918.

In which year was Indian Railway nationalised?

  1. 1853
  2. 1957
  3. 1951
  4. 1857
  • Indian Railway has one of the largest and busiest rail networks in the world and it is also the world’s largest commercial or utility employer, having more than 1.6 million regular employees.
  • Railway was introduced in 1853, and by 1947, it had grown to forty-two rail systems. In 1951, the systems were nationalised as one unit, to become one of the largest networks in the world.
  • Baroda House in New Delhi is the headquarters of Indian Railways.
  • Dinesh Trivedi (since 2011) is the present minister for Railways. First - Dr. John Mathai.
  • Indian Railway has 16 Zones (including Metro Railway, Kolkata, but excluding Konkan Railway).

Which of the following cities is situated on the banks of the Hughly river ?

  1. Ahammedabad
  2. Hyderabad
  3. Kolkata
  4. Surat
  • Hughly, Bhagirathi, Mahakhali, Yamuna, Karnali, Koshi, Gandak, Ghaghra, Son and Mahananda are the tributaries of the Ganges.
  • The battle of Plassey (1757) was held on the banks of the river Hughly.
  • The banks of the river are famous for the cultivation of jute.
  • The busiest bridge, Howrah, is built across the Hughly. Belur Mat is situated on the banks of Hughly.
  • Indian Railway has 16 Zones (including Metro Railway, Kolkata, but excluding Konkan Railway).

When was the High Court of Kerala formed ?

  1. Nov. 1, 1956
  2. Jan. 26, 1950
  3. Aug. 15, 1947
  4. Aug. 15, 1957
Nov. 1, 1956.
  • The fourteen states including Kerala, the High Court of Kerala and the Kerala Public Service Commission came in to existence on 1st Nov., 1956.
  • The first High Court of India was set up in Kolkata in 1862. The High Courts of Mumbai and Chennai were also set up in the same year.
  • The Indian Penal Code was passed in 1860 and came in to force in 1862. The draft of the Indian Penal Code was prepared by the first Law Commission, chaired by Lord Macaulay.
  • The unsuccessful attempt to suicide is made punishable under Section 309.
  • Section 497 deals with adultery, which punishes even consensual sex between adults.

Under which article of the Indian Constitution is the Supreme Court formed ?

  1. Article 214
  2. Article 124
  3. Article 324
  4. Article 368
Article 124
  • Articles 124 to 147 of the Constitution of India lay down the composition and jurisdiction of the Supreme Court of India.
  • The Supreme Court of India held its inaugural sitting on 28 January 1950.
  • There were initially 8 judges in the Supreme Court.
  • At present, the sanctioned strength of the Supreme Court is 31.
  • The strength of the Judges in the High Court of Kerala is 27, including the Chief Justice.
  • The first Keralite to be appointed judge of the Supreme Court is Justice Parakkulangara Govinda Menon.
  • Justice M. Fathima Beevi was the first woman to be appointed judge of the Supreme Court.

Which of the following Union Territories comes under the jurisdiction of the Kolkata High Court ?

  1. Andaman & Nicobar
  2. Daman & Diu
  3. Chandigarh
  4. Puthucherry
Andaman & Nicobar.
  • Maharashtra, Goa, Dadra - Nagar Haveli and Daman & Diu come under the High Court of Mumbai.
  • Puthucherry comes under Chennai High Court.
  • The High Court of Chandigarh, Punjab and Hariyana is located at Chandigarh.
  • Lakshadweep comes under the High Court of Kerala.
  • The High Court of Ranchi (Jharkhand) is the youngest High Court of India. It was set up on 15th Nov., 2000.
  • At present there are 21 High Courts in India.
  • The High Court of the seven north - eastern sister states is located at Guwahati.
  • Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Nagaland, Meghalaya, Mizoram and Tripura are the north - eastern states of India.

Who is the longest served Chief Justice of India ?

  1. Justice K.G. Balakrishnan
  2. Justice Y.V. Chandrachud
  3. Justice P.N. Bhagavati
  4. Justice S.H. Kapadia
Justice Y.V. Chandrachud
  • Justice Y.V. Chandrachud was the Chief Justice \ of India from 1978 to 1985.
  • Justice K.G. Balakrishnan was the first Keralite and Dalit to become the Chief Justice of India. He was born at Appanchira, Kottayam.
  • The 38th and present Chief Justice of India is Justice S.H. Kapadia.
  • Justice Altamas Kabir will be 39th Chief Justice of India.
  • Justice P.N. Bhagavati, who was the Chief Justice of India from 1985 to 1986, introduced the Public Interest Litigation in Indian Judicial system.
  • Public Interest Litigation was originated in the USA.
  • Justice Manjula Chelur is the present Chief Justice ( Acting ) of Kerala High Court.

Who wrote the famous text Malabar Manual ?

  1. C. Achutha Menon.
  2. Henrik Van Reed
  3. William Logan
  4. Dr. Manilal
William Logan.
  • William Logan (1841–1914) was a Scottish officer of the Madras Civil Service under the British Government. The book contains the personal touch of Logan.
  • The text is a compilation of facts that depicts the life and style of the vernacular people of Malabar district, with some interesting notes on the English Raj’s life then.
  • The author of Cochin State Manual is C. Achutha Menon and the author of Travancore Manual is Nagam Ayya.

Name the first English man to visit India.

  1. Captain Keeling
  2. William Hawkins
  3. Master Ralph Fitch
  4. Sir Thomas Roe
Master Ralph Fitch
  • Master Ralph Fitch reached Mumbai & Goa in 1583 during the reign of Akbar (1556 - 1605). He reached Cochin in 1588.
  • Captain Keeling, the first English man to enter in to a trading agreement with the Zamorin of Calicut, reached India in 1608.
  • William Hawkins was an English ambassador to visit India in 1609. He failed to acquire the trading right from Jahangir.
  • Sir Thomas Roe, who reached India in 1615, obtained the trading right at Surat and set up their first factory at Surat.
  • The place where St. Thomas set foot was Maliankara, near Muziris.
  • The first Muslim traveller to Kerala was Malik Dinar (644 AD).
  • Tiruvanchikulam, Mahodayapuram, Muziris and Vanchimuthoor were the former names of Kodungallore.
  • The oldest synagogue in the Commonwealth of Nations is Mattancherry (Kochi).
  • The oldest Mosque and church in India are set up at Kodungallur.

Which is the largest island in the Pacific ocean ?

  1. Madagascar
  2. Borneo
  3. Greenland
  4. Papua New Gunea
Papua New Gunea.
  • The name Pacific (peaceful sea) was given to the largest ocean by Ferdinand Magellan. He was the first to circumnavigate the world (1521).
  • Papua New Gunea is the second largest island in the world, the largest being Greenland, which lies in the Atlantic ocean.
  • Borneo island in the South China Sea, an arm of Pacific Ocean, is the third largest island.
  • The largest island in the Indian Ocean is Madagaskar.
  • North Andaman is the largest island in India.
  • The largest island among the Lakshaweep islands is Androth. It is also nearest island of Lakshadweep to Kerala.
  • Mariana Trunch or Challenger Deep is the deepest point in the Pacific and on the Earth (35840 feet).
  • The deepest point in the Atlantic Ocean is Puerto Rico Trench and in the Indian ocean is Jawa Trunch.

Which among the following rivers is the longest ?

  1. Periyar
  2. Pampa
  3. Bharathapuzha
  4. Chaliyar
  • The river has a total length of 373 km. Out of this only 209 km is in Kerala.
  • In Kerala, Periyar is the longest river with 244 km and 209 km long Bharathapuzha is the secong longest.
  • The Pampa (176 km) and Chaliyar (169 km) are the third and fourth longest rivers in Kerala.
  • The Chaliyar river is also known as Beypore River as it nears the sea.
  • Nilambur, Mavoor, Peruvayal, Feroke and Beypore are some of the towns and villages situated along the banks of Chaliyar River.
  • The Chaliyar originates in the Nilgiri district of Tamil Nadu and flows through Malappuram and Kozhikode Districts and finally empties into the Arabian Sea.
  • The river with the largest water potential in Kerala is also Periyar.
  • The St. Thomas Church at Malayatoor, Kaladi, the birth place of Sankaracharya, Aluva Mahadeva temple are on the banks of the Periyar.
  • Kallai, Kerala’s famous timber trade centre, is on the banks of Chaliyar.
  • Nila & Perar are the former names of Bharathapuzha.
  • Malampuzha dam is the largest reservoir built across Bharathapuzha. Other dams in the Bharathapuzha basin are: Walayar dam, Mangalam dam, Pothundi dam, Meenkara dam, Chuliyar dam and Kanhirappuzha dam.
  • One irrigation dam at Chittur in Attappadi Hills is under construction.
  • In Chittur, Bharathappuzha is known as “Sokanasini”, this name was given by Thunjathu Ramanujan Ezhuthachan).
  • Kallada Irrigation Project, the largest irrigation project of Kerala, is built on the Kallada.
  • Punalur hanging bridge is also built across the Kallada river.
  • Ponmudi dam, dam at Rajakkad (Idukki), is constructed across the Panniyar, a tributary of the Periyar.
  • Kuthunkal Hydro electric project, the second, but the largest hydro electric project in private sector, is also on the river Panniyar.